Preparing coffee

The secret behind a great cup of coffee is the quality and freshness of the coffee itself, quality water, the correct preparation method, and clean preparation equipment.
 
There is a variety of coffees available for your enjoyment. It is important to choose the right coffee for the preparation method you are using. The importance of having the correct grind and quantity is essential. Coffee is not a ready-to-drink beverage and understanding the importance of preparation is crucial to the end result in the cup.
 
Paulig’s ground coffee packages bear symbols that show which preparation method you should use for it.
 
In this section we will show you several preparation methods and give tips to help you prepare real coffee enjoyment.
 

Filter method

How to brew filter coffee
 
    Put fresh, cold water into the water container of the coffee maker with a clean measuring jug used only for this purpose.
    Choose a filter paper of the right size and put the ground coffee into the filter. Use rounded tablespoons or a Paulig golden scoop (7g). Use 60 – 70 grams of coffee per one litre of water.
    Level the ground coffee so that the water will filter through it evenly. To avoid clogging the pores of the filter paper, do not shake the ground coffee in the filter; you can use a spoon for levelling. The coffee layer must be 2½ to 5 cm thick to allow water pass through it at the right speed. Press the start button.
    Stir the coffee before serving to allow the strong coffee at the bottom and the weaker coffee on the surface to mix
 
Top 3 steps for perfect filter coffee
 
    Correct grind
    Use within 30 minutes of dispensing
    Stir before you serve
 
Remember! Never mix old and fresh coffee. Never take coffee while it is dripping.
Cleaning
 
Clean the coffee-making equipment after every use. Observe the following instructions when cleaning a filter coffee maker.
 
    Clean the glass pot and filter holder every time you have made coffee. To remove the coffee fats, wash the equipment with a warm baking soda solution (3 tablespoons of baking soda /1 litre of water) or with special cleaning products for coffee brewing equipment.
    Remove calcium regularly according to the manufacturer’s instructions.
    Always use fresh, clean water.
 
Remember! The best way of getting the pots clean and bright is to brush them by hand. Do not put them in the dishwasher.
 

Frensh Press

How to brew coffee with a French Press pot (Cafètiere)
 
     Warm the French press pot with hot water.
    Put ground coffee into the pot (60 – 70 g of coffee per one litre of water). Use rounded tablespoons or a Paulig golden scoop (7g). You will get the best result by using medium grind.
    Pour hot water (92-96C) into the pot so that it soaks into all the ground coffee evenly. Stir the coffee and place the pot with lid on top to prevent the rich flavours from escaping.
    Let the coffee infuse for 3-5 minutes. Press the plunger down and serve the coffee.
 
Top 3 steps for perfect Frech Press
 
    Heat pot first
    Use medium grind
    Let coffee brew for 3-5 min, then press down the piston
 
Cleaning
 
Clean coffee-making equipment after every use. Observe the following instructions when cleaning a French press pot.
 
Unscrew the filter assembly and clean the plunger after each use. To remove the coffee fats, wash the equipment with a warm baking soda solution (3 tablespoons of baking soda /1 litre of water) or with special cleaning products for coffee brewing equipment.
 
Remember! The best way of getting the glass pots clean and bright is to brush them by hand. Do not put them in the dishwasher.
 

In-cup coffee

This coffee preparation method is very simple to use at home or when travelling. It has been a popular coffee preparation method in the Baltic countries for many years. Lot of people make coffee with the in-cup method, especially in the morning.
How to brew coffee with the In-Cup method
 
    1. Put fresh coffee into a cup. Use a rounded tablespoon or a Paulig golden scoop (7g). Use 7-10 grams of coffee per 200 ml of water.
    2. Pour hot water (92-96˚C) into the cup so that it soaks into all the ground coffee evenly.
    3. Stir a little and let the coffee brew for 3 minutes.
    4. Stir the coffee again, allowing the different intensity flavours to mix equally in the cup.
 
 Top 3 steps for perfect In-Cup coffee
 
    1. Use the correct grind for the in-cup method.
    2. Use correct water temperature.
    3. Don’t leave the coffee to go cold as it gets very bitter.
 

Turkish coffee

work, it's a coffee for quiet enjoyment.
 
How to brew Turkish Coffee
 
    1. Fill the ibrik with fresh cold water until it's approximately 2/3 full. For sweetened coffee put sugar in the ibrik. Put the ibrik on a heat source.
    2. Add the appropriate amount of very fine ground coffee to the water while it is cold. Heat the ibrik and watch as the boiling water bubbles up through the coffee grounds.
    3. Take the ibrik off the heat when the water begins to foam. Allow the coffee to settle and bring it back to the heat source. Repeat the last two steps until the coffee has foamed 3-4 times.
    4. Stir and pour the drink into a small cup. Let the coffee grounds settle and then drink.
 
Top 3 steps for perfect Turkish Coffee
 
    1. Put fresh, cold water in the ibrik and add a little sugar
    2. Use only very fine grind coffee
    3. Heat coffee until it foams, repeat 3-4 times
 
Remember! Never use coarse-ground coffee!
 
Cleaning
 
Clean the coffee-making equipment after every time you use it. Observe the following instructions when cleaning a Turkish coffee maker.
 
    1. Let the ibrik cool before you start to clean it.
    2. To remove all burned coffee fats and sugars, wash the ibrik with a warm baking soda solution (3 tablespoons of baking soda/1 litre of water) or with special cleaning products for coffee brewing equipment.
    3. You can also let the ibrik soak in the soda solution for a while.
    4. After washing, rinse the ibrik with clean water.
 
Remember! Never wash a hot ibrik, it may scald you and the ibrik can change shape!
 

Coffee Pot

Before filter machines arrived, Finns and Baltic people made coffee in pots. There is lot of nostalgia for this nowadays. Around 5% of Finnish coffee is still made in this way. When you compare this method to filter coffee machine method, the taste is smoother and more rounded because more of fat stays in coffee when it is prepared in this way.
 
How to brew coffee in a pot
 
    1. Pour fresh, cold water into the coffee pot.
    2. Boil water and remove pot from heat source.
    3. Put coarse ground coffee into the pot and stir well. Use 6-7 grams of coffee per 100 ml of water. Use a rounded tablespoon or a Paulig golden scoop (7g)
    4. Bring pot back to the heat source and let coffee surface “bubble” once
    5. Remove pot from heat source, stir and let settle 4-5 minutes.
    6. You can pour the coffee into another pot for serving. This stops the coffee from brewing at the right time and you don’t get any coffee grounds in your cup.
    7. The recommended serving temperature is 75-80 degrees.
 
Top 3 steps for perfect coffee pot
 
    1. Use fresh water and coarse grind coffee
    2. Stir well once you have added ground coffee in the pot
    3. Heat coffee until it foams but do not boil
 
Remember! Don’t put coffee into boiling water or let coffee boil on the heat source. This will burn the coffee and result in a very bitter taste.
Cleaning
 
Clean the coffee-making equipment after every time you use it. Observe the following instructions when cleaning a coffee pot.
 
Rinse the pot every time you have made coffee. To remove coffee fats, wash all parts with a warm baking soda solution (3 tablespoons of baking soda/1 litre of water) or with special cleaning products for coffee brewing equipment.
 
 Remember! Always after washing, dry all parts with a clean cloth. Otherwise water will damage the layer of your coffee pot.
 

Traditional espresso machine

 

The espresso must have thick reddish brown crema on top of it. It is the aroma and heat lock of the espresso. If the extraction time is too short, increase the coffee dose for one espresso; if too long, decrease the dose for one espresso.
    8. Serve and drink the espresso immediately.
 
Top 3 steps for perfect espresso
 
    1. Preheat the cup
    2. Use 6-7 g espresso ground coffee for one cup.
    3. Do not brew an espresso longer than 30ml
 
How to keep ground espresso coffee fresh longer:
 
After you have opened the package, do not pour the coffee into another package or box. This way, the coffee will keep its aromas and essential oils. Press air out of package and roll part of it down. Cover it with a sticker to keep the package closed tight.
 
Remember! If you want to learn to make espresso, it is essential to practice and experiment. The key to making espresso is to realise that it always has more possibilities.
 
Cleaning
 
    1. Place a blind filter into the group handle and dose the cleaning powder into it.
    2. Fasten the group handle into the machine and press any water button. Let run for 5 seconds and press the stop button. Repeat 3 times.
    3. Remove the group handle from the machine and rinse the group base carefully with hot water by pressing any water button couple of times.
 
Attach the group handle with the blind filter back onto the machine for rinsing, without cleaning powder. Press the water button, let run for 5 seconds and press the stop button. Repeat 4 times. In this way you can rinse the whole group free of cleaning powder.
 

Automatic espresso machine

Essentially, these machines operate by automatically grinding the coffee, tamping it, and extracting it in much the same way a traditional espresso machine does. The difference is they are fully self-contained; all you do is fill the bean hopper and water tank.
 
How to make espresso with an automatic espresso machine 
 
 Espresso machine setup:
 
    1. Set up espresso machine as in the manufacturer’s manual.
    2. Be sure that the espresso machine is ready to work.
    3. Fill the water tank with fresh cold water.
    4. Wait until the machine is heated up and ready for use.
 
 Preparing an espresso step by step:
 
    1. Pour espresso coffee beans into the bean hopper.
    2. Adjust correct grind level for machine grinder.
    3. Set up coffee dose according to taste. Recommended amount is 6 – 7g.
    4. Adjust water amount for one espresso 30 ml.
    5. Preheat espresso cups with hot water. Dry with clean cloth.
    6. Place a warm espresso cup under the coffee brewer 
    7. Push the button to start to brew espresso.
    8. The amount of espresso should be 30ml. The extraction time can be different for each machine. A too short extraction time results in a mild, tasteless coffee, whereas a too long extraction time makes it bitter and astringent. The espresso must have thick reddish brown crema on top of it. It is the aroma and heat lock of the espresso. If the extraction time is too short, increase the coffee dose or make grind level finer; if it’s too long, decrease the coffee dose or make the grind level coarser.
    9. Serve and drink the espresso immediately!
 
Top 3 steps for perfect espresso
 
    1. Use fresh espresso beans.
    2. For one espresso use 6 – 7g of ground espresso coffee.
    3. Make correct adjustments according to producers manual
 
How to keep espresso beans fresh longer:
 
After you have opened the package, do not pour espresso beans into another package or box. This way, the coffee will keep its aromas and essential oils. Press air out of package and roll part of it down. Cover it with a sticker to keep the package closed tight.
 
Remember! When you make any changes in grind or coffee dose adjustments it will change the taste and flavour of the coffee beverage. Read the espresso machine manual. 
 
Cleaning
 
Read the manufacturer’s manual for the machine.